Have you ever wanted to compost your own food in the comfort of your home or apartment? Verma-composting is an easy way to do just that. A vermaculture is a closed ecosystem that uses red wiggler worms to break down vegetable scarps.
To make your own at home you will need:
- 2 identical 5 gallon containers with lids
- 500-1000 red wigglers (worms)
- a drill
- vegetable scarps
Take both 5 gallon containers and drill air holes on all sides 1/4 of an inch from the top of the container and 1 inch apart. These holes should be 1/8 inch in diameter. Additionally drill wholes on the bottom of both containers 1/4 an inch in diameter and 1 inch apart. In one of the containers put a layer of damp cardboard on the bottom of the container. Put the second container inside the first so that the cardboard holds the second container up so there is room between the containers. In the top container put a mixture of soil and a mix of shredded cardboard and shredded newspaper. This mix should be 1:1. Add your worms and vegetable scraps. Wet the mixture and mix the mixture gently. Add water and mix the container every few days. Add vegetable scraps regularly.
The worms will the break down the vegetable scraps and the newspaper/cardboard creating a compost soil that will fall into the bottom container. The worms will also produce a “worm tea.” This liquid can be diluted with water and used as a liquid fertilizer.